Fonds 446 Monkman Pass Highway Association fonds

fonds-446

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Monkman Pass Highway Association. — 1933-1982. — 11 cm of textual records. — 29 photographs. — 2 maps.


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Biographical Sketch

Mr. Arthur Smith came to the Lake Saskatoon District in 1912 to join his father, George Smith, who was homesteading in the area. With him he brought registered cattle and later he grew registered wheat. In 1920 he married Jessie Hazard. When the Monkman Pass Highway Association (MPHA) was formed in 1936, both Arthur and Jessie joined the organization to pressure the government to build a Coastal Outlet for the marketing of grain and produce from the Peace Country. The MPHA promoted the linking of Rio Grande, AB with Prince George, BC through a mountain pass which the native people used, a distance of 132 miles. When support was not forthcoming from government sources, the MPHA began to build the road with donated supplies and volunteer labour. Art became the Publicity Director for the MPHA, and Jessie travelled everywhere with him, speaking out for the cause, until lack of funds and the outbreak of World War II forced the organization to stop the project.

Mr. Smith continued to farm at Lake Saskatoon until 1943, when they moved to Dawson Creek, BC.

Alex Watt was the secretary of the Monkman Pass Highway Association and one of the pathfinders

Custodial History

The records were discovered on an abandoned homestead where the Red Willow River runs into the Wapiti River, by the Grande Prairie River Rats, a boating club. They were in an old barn which may have belonged to Arthur Smith. They were donated to the Grande Prairie Museum in 1972.

The Grande Prairie Museum transferred the records to the South Peace Regional Archives in 2000.

An accrual of records preserved by Frances Harris Watt was donated to South Peace Regional Archives in 2010 by Jean Harris.

An accrual was brought in October 10, 2013 by Peter Martin who is a relative of Crosbie McNaught.

Scope and Content

The fonds consists of letters written by or addressed to Arthur Smith, in his position as Publicity Director of the MPHA, and correspondence, minutes, 2 maps and 29 photographs collected by Alex Watt, Secretary of the MPHA. Included are three pamphlets, a copy of “Monkman Pass and Trail History” (1982), a hand drawn map of the trail, 11 newspapers (1936-1937), news clippings, correspondence received by Crosbie McNaught, speeches and radio addresses given by D.W. Albright and a minute book (April-Oct. 1939)

Notes

Title based on the author of the letters.

Table of Contents

Series 446.01Monkman Pass Highway Association- Photographs
Series 446.02Monkman Pass Highway Association – Secretary
Series 446.03Monkman Pass Highway Association – Publicity Director
Series 446.04Monkman Pass Highway Association – Printed Documents
Series 446.05Monkman Pass Highway Association – Crosbie McNaught
Series 446.06Monkman Pass Highway Association – D.W. Albright
Series 446.07Minute Book
Series 446.01Monkman Pass Highway Association- Photographs. — 1936-1938. — 29 photographs.

The fonds consists of 29 photographs of the building of the Monkman Pass Highway preserved by Alex Watt.

Monkman Pass Trail “Blazers”, 1937
2 photographs; b & w; 2.5 x 4.5
A volunteer road crew, one showing the men at work and one a caboose camp with men eating at a long table.
Location: 0446.01.01-.02
Monkman Pass Trail Blazing Party, 1937
1 photograph; b & w; 5 x 7
Monkman Pass trail blazing party with pack horses leading.
Location: 0446.01.03
Monkman Pass Transport Ltd. Crew, 1937-1938
3 photographs; b & w; 3 x 4
Monkman Pass trail being worked on with the aid of Monkman Pass Transport’s crew, picturing the machine they travelled in and their camp. 444.01.05 includes identification “Dad has the cigarette”.
Location: 0446.01.04-.06
“Tarzan Boulevard “is Cut Out, 1937-1938
1 photograph; b & w; 5 x 7
The “Tarzan Boulevard” part of the Monkman Pass trail being worked on with the aid of Monkman Pass Transport Ltd.crew.
Location: 0446.01.07
Helmer Johnson’s Crew – Monkman Pass Highway, 1938
1 photograph; b & w; 5 x 7
Helmer Johnson’s crew working on the Monkman Pass Highway in July, 1938.
Location: 0446.01.08
Monkman Pass Transport Tractor, 1938-1939
1 photograph; b & w; 5 x 7
Monkman Pass Transport Tractor on the new trail.
Location: 0446.01.09
Kinuseo Bridge During High Water Levels, 1938-1939
1 photograph; b & w; 5 x 7
Kinuseo Bridge showing high water levels and the first truck to cross the bridge hauled by Monkman Pass Transport tractor.
Location: 0446.01.10
The Monkman Pass Trail, 1938
1 photograph; b & w; 4 x 6
The Monkman Pass Trail.
Location: 0446.01.11
Prince George Party Checking Monkman Pass Work, 1938
1 photograph; b & w; 4 x 5
The Monkman Pass work done by the crew north from Hansard (on the CNR)being checked over by a party from Prince George, August 21, 1938. Surnames L-R: Pitman, Hewlett, Caine, Moffat, Lyle, Pitman, May, Smith, Wozney, Jackson, Leith, Green. Men at the back: Kelly, McDonald.
Location: 0446.01.12
Monkman Pass Aerial, 1938-1939
1 photograph; b & w; 4x 6
The Monkman Pass as seen from the air.
Location: 0446.01.13
Two Men in a Canoe, 1938-1939
1 photograph; b & w; 3 x 6
.Two Men in a Canoe.
Location: 0446.01.14
Monkman Creek and Waterfall, 1938-1939
1 photograph; b & w; 5 x 7
One of the many falls along Monkman Creek.
Location: 0446.01.15
Monkman Pass Highway, 1938
1 photograph; b & w; 3 x 6
The cameraman views the Monkman Pass Highway bridge as it appears looking between the two horses pulling in front of him.
Location: 0446.01.16
Helmer Johnson’s Crew at Canyon Creek, 1938 c.
1 photograph; b & w; 3 x 6
Helmer Johnson’s crew at Canyon Creek standing on the finished bridge on the Monkman Pass Highway.
Location: 0446.01.17
Driving over the Kinuseo Bridge, 1938-1939
2 photographs; b & w; 3 x 6
A car makes its way over the Kinuseo Bridge on the Monkman Pass Highway.
Location: 0446.01.18-19
Near Canyon Creek on the Monkman Pass Highway, 1938-1939
1 photograph; b & w; 3 x 6
Near Canyon Creek on the Monkman Pass Highway.
Location: 0446.01.20
Three Miles From Kinuseo Falls on the Monkman Pass Highway, 1938-1939
1 photograph; b & w; 3 x 6
Three Miles From Kinuseo Falls on the Monkman Pass Highway.
Location: 0446.01.21
Kinuseo Bridge, 1938-1939
1 photograph; b & w; 3 x 5
Kinuseo Bridge on the Monkman Pass Highway
Location: 0446.01.22
Machinery Stuck on the Monkman Pass Highway Project, 1938-1939
2 photograph; b & w; 3 x 5
Machinery in the “souphole” on the Monkman Pass Highway.
Location: 0446.01.23-.24
Final Camp – Monkman Pass Highway Project, 1939
1 photograph; b & w; 3 x 4
The final camp on the Monkman Pass Highway project
Location: 0446.01.25
Kinuseo Falls Cabin, 1939
4 photographs; b & w; 3 x 5; 5 x 7
Kinuseo Falls cabin in 1939.
Location: 0446.01.26-29
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Series 446.02Monkman Pass Highway Association – Secretary. — 1936-1982. — 1 cm of textual records.

The series consists of records preserved by Alex Watt who was the secretary of the Monkman Pass Highway Association, including minutes of the organization, and correspondence about the project.

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Series 446.03Monkman Pass Highway Association – Publicity Director. — 1936-1939. — 1 cm of textual records.

The series consists of letters written by or addressed to Arthur Smith, in his position as Publicity Director of the MPHA, and an invoice for supplies.

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Series 446.04Monkman Pass Highway Association – Printed Documents. — 1936-1938. — 2 cm of textual records.

The series consists of 9 copies of The Northern Tribune (1936-1937) and 2 copies of Grande Prairie Herald (1937) and a copy of “A Monkman Pass and Trail History” (1982), two maps and newsclippings.

Map of the Peace River District in BC Showing Proposed Monkman Pass Highway, 1936-1937
1 printed map; 14 x 14
The map shows the proposed Monkman Pass Highway and Cut-Off from Fellers Heights to connect the Peace River Block.
Location: 0446.04.01
Proposed Routes Monkman &Turgeon Routes, 1936-1937
1 hand drawn map; 13 x 20
The map is drawn by Mary Huston, a grade 8 student in Wembley and shows the proposed Monkman and Turgeon routes for Monkman Pass Highway.
Location: 0446.04.02
A Monkman Pass and Trail History, 1982
Book
A revised draft copy of a book documenting the oral history of the Monkman area of northeastern British Columbia prior to the development of the coal fields there, particularly focusing on the settlers of the Kelly Lake community and based on local interviews.
Location: 2010.45
Northern Tribune, Volume 5 Number 23, November 26, 1936
newspaper
Article on Monkman Pass Highway, the death of Mrs. P.U. Clubine, U.F.A Fall Convention and the High School Concert Program
Location: 2010.45.01
Northern Tribune, Volume 5 Number 26, Dec 17, 1936
newspaper
Articles include Monkman Pass Highway Association Offers Prizes for P.R. Map, Amateur Concert Sponsored by Board of Trade, Passenger Air Service to Start, Fur Farming is Profitable, Emil Kubicek Flies Four Trappers Into North, Beaverlodge May Withdraw from Hospital District.
Location: 2010.45.02
Northern Tribune, Volume 5 Number 50, June 3, 1937
newspaper
Article on Monkman Pass Highway Association, Big School Athletic Meet, Town Water and Sewer System Coming, G.P. Athletic Assoc. to put on Sports Day
Location: 2010.45.03
Northern Tribune, Volume 6 Number 09, August 19, 1937
newspaper
Articles on Monkman Pass Highway Association, Trelle Honored by King George, Woking almost destroyed by fire, 100 Attend W.I. Conference, Excellent Rose Show at Beaverlodge
Location: 2010.45.04
Northern Tribune, Volume 6 Number 11, September 2, 1937
newspaper
Article topics: Monkman Pass Highway Association, G.P. School Fair, G.P. Flying Club, Enrollments in G.P. Schools
Location: 2010.45.05
Northern Tribune, Volume 6 Number 12, September 9, 1937
newspaper
Articles: Monkman Pass Highway Association, “Bill” Godfrey Injured in Crash, G.P. School Fair, G.P. Board of Trade meets C.P.R President, Sod Turning on Broadcasting Station,
Location: 2010.45.06
Northern Tribune, Volume 6 Number 13, September 16, 1937
newspaper
Articles: Water-Sewage By-Law to be Voted on, G.P. School Fair Winners
Location: 2010.45.07
Northern Tribune, Volume 6 Number 14, September 23, 1937
newspaper
Articles: Monkman Pass Highway -“Coastal Outlet Inevitable”, Majority Vote for Water and Sewer, Average wgeat Grades, G.P. Canadian Legion, Re-Organize Boy Scouts,
Location: 2010.45.08
Northern Tribune, Volume 6 Number 15, September 30, 1937
newspaper
Articles: Monkman Pass Highway, Horticultural Society, Anglican Synod, Mr. Hosker’s Threshing Outfit, Teachers Convention, Broadcasting Station Opening…
Location: 2010.45.09
1937 Grande Prairie Herald Volume 24 Number 52, Feb. 26, 1937
Newspaper
Articles: Monkman Pass Highway, G.P. Bonspiel, Oil Refinery, Ladies Hockey Game, Leechman in University Hospital, Porteous Wins Scholarship.
Location: 2010.45.10
1937 Grande Prairie Herald Volume 25 Number 5, April 2, 1937
newspaper
Articles: Monkman Pass Highway, Mrs. George Stoll dies, Wholesale Electric Supply Opens, Dressed Meats to be Inspected,
Location: 2010.45.11
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Series 446.05Monkman Pass Highway Association – Crosbie McNaught. — 1937-1939. — 5 cm of textual records.

The series consists of letters received by Crosbie McNaught when he was president of the Monkman Pass Highway Association.

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Series 446.06Monkman Pass Highway Association – D.W. Albright. — 1937-1939. — 1.5 cm of textual records.

The series consists of speeches and radio addresses given by D.W. Albright on behalf of the Monkman Pass Highway Association.

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Series 446.07Minute Book. — 1939.

The series consists of a minute book of the meetings of the Monkman Pass Highway Association from April to October 1939.

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